Considering the Past


Creation (Big Bang to biology, additions Mar 5, 2018)

Humanity out of Africa (ancestors)

Hunter-Gatherers and War (strangers as evil spirits)

The Jarawa (modern hunter-gatherers as an example)

Early Religion (magic, animism and storytelling)

Ancient Civilizations

The Chinese

Agriculture on the North China Plain (includes human sacrifices)

Warring States and a Balance of Power Failure (475-221 BCE, Qin wins)

Emperor Gaozu of Han to Emperor Wen of Han (succession problems, rise of the gentry, to 157 BCE)

Han Success, Decline, and Fall (succession corruption to year 1 CE)

The Confucianist Emperor Wang Mang (political ineptitude and disaster)

The Eastern Han Dynasty (another integration-disintegration cycle, 25-220 CE)

The Jin dynasty escapes across the Yangzi (China divided, 265-421 CE)

Indic Civilization

Civilization to India (Harappa disappears, then Aryan invasions)

Hinduism, Caste and Wisdom Literature (Vedas, expansion, the Upanishads)

The Jain and Buddhist Rebellions (different ideas and new organizations)

Hinduism's Scriptural Epic Poetry (the Ramayana and the Mahabharata)

Chandragupta Maurya (empire founder)

A Buddhist Emperor and the end of Mauryan Rule (Emperor Ashoka)

Fragmented India, 185 BCE to 321 CE (invasions and commerce)

Rise, Glory and Fall of the Gupta Empire (a bourgeois paradise)

The Middle East

The Sumerians (inequalities, writing, slavery, cities at war)

Empire, Migrations and Babylon (to Hammurabi and defeat explained by sin)

Egypt and the Pharaohs (to Ramses II's enslavements)

The Land of Canaan, to King David (the haughty oppressor)

Israel and Judah Overrun (Assyria conquers and the "lost tribes")

Captives Compile Scripture (Babylon conquers and priests defend Jehovah worship)

Babylon, Persia and Judaism (The Persian Empire in Judah)

Zoroaster (Zarathurstra) and Judaism (introducing the Devil and Armageddon)

Europe and the Greeks

Dark Skins to Pink (40,000 to 4,500 years ago)

Greek Scripture: Homer and Hesiod (playful and negligent gods)

Greeks become Philosophical (including Pythagoras, the first theologian)

Athens, Democracy and Slavery (a democracy with problems)

Greeks against Persia and Themselves (chauvinistic Athens chooses empire)

Stupid Stuff: The Great Peloponnesian War (losing hearts and minds and the war)

Fall of Sparta and Rise of Macedonia (a launching pad for Alexander the Great)

Alexander and Hellenistic Civilization

Alexander the Great (defying Aristotle's racial chauvinism)

Race and Alexander's Successors (asininity among the powerful lives on)

Economic Growth and Culture (expansive commerence, education)

The Cynics (virtue by dropping out)

Wealth, Poverty and Revolution (failed attempts and Iambulus's utopia)

Influences in Western thought (pursuit of happiness versus God's purpose)

Judaic Scripture into Greek (translation challenge)

Hellenism and the Maccabean Revolt (culture, war and Hanukkah)

Failed Geopolitics (pomp and warfare heroism triumph over international cooperation)

Rome, Empire and Christianity

Rome Dominates the Italian Peninsula (defeat for Tarentum and the diadochi Pyrrhus")

More Stupid Stuff: The Punic Wars and Imperialist Expansion (images of virtue and power)

From Republic to Empire and Dictatorship (to Augustus Caesar, first emperor)

Augustus Caesar's Family Values (restrictions for state and race and approval by the gods)

Caligula, Nero and a Few Others (the blessings of dictatorship)

Prosperity and Decline (before the Christian emperors)

Emperor Constantine and Christianity (God's Plan, authority and the Bishops)

Christian Emperors (disorder and discontent)

The Empire Disintegrates (political and military weakness)

Hypatia: Murdered Scientist (an exceptional woman and religious bigotry)

Middle Ages in Europe and the Mid-East

Sin, Infants and Saint Augustine against the Devil (foundation for much of medieval thought)

Britannia, Gaul and Italy, to the 500s (Anglo-Saxons, Franks, and Theodoric the Great)

Justinian and the Second Coming (military aggression for God's Roman empire)

Making Way for Islam: Empires at War (empires weaken themselves from within)

Diffusions and Muhammad the Prophet (and military success produces recognition of God's favor)

Islam and Successions to 723 CE (and the Prophet's brotherhood theory)

Islam, Expansion and Division to 1260 (segregation, integration, mismanagement and rebellion)

Christendom and Life before the year 1000 (castles, huts and docility)

Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor (medieval-thinking conqueror seeks progress)

Europe's Migrations and Feudalism (Serbs, Bulgars, Magyars and Vikings)

Christianity Spreads (more than a force of love and ideals)

Crusades against Islam and Heretics ("kill them all, God will know his own")

Life and Authority in the 12th and 13th Centuries (chivarly, towns, cathedrals, Abelard and Aquinas")

Climate Change, Hunger, War and Plague, to 1350 (civilization moves along)

The Hundred Years' War and Decline of Chivalry (to the mid-1400s)

European Politics, Cannon, and Machiavelli (to the early 1500s)

Stuff for Portugal and Spain (Gold, Souls, and Torquemada)

Closer to Science (scholasticism, Ockham, Roger Bacon, Pico della Mirandola, Leonardo da Vinci)

Recognizing Ignorance: the coming Age of Science (a new attitude regarding knowledge)

Asian Civilizations

China's dynasties to the Northern Song, 479 to 1127 (murders, success and weakness)

Genghis Khan (Mongols coalesce and join world trade)

Genghis Khan Expands his Empire (a great war he did not seek)

From Ogedei to Mongke the Reformer (succession squables and more expansion, to Damascus)

The Great Mongol Empire divides (Kublai Khan expands in China and fails against Japan)

Tamerlane (imitation, but with more blood and guts)

China from Mongols to the Ming (enduring constructions but a bad political system)

Japan to the end of the Ashikaga shogunate (1573) (feudalism and authority chaos)

Europeans, to the 17th Century

Columbus meets Native Americans (a courageous retrograde)

Portugal to Asia and Brazil (culture clash: the Chinese and Tupi people in Brazil)

Luther and Heresy (Erasmus sees reason to stay with the Church)

Spain against the Aztec Empire (Tenochtitlan becomes hell and Mexico City)

Spain against the Incan Empire (more theology, violence and greed)

Portugal, Africa and Slavery (go-getter grubbing for souls or status)

Spain and New Wealth for Europe (illusions about precious metals)

Italian Wars and Civil War in France (belief in the necessity of religious conformity loses)

John Calvin and the Netherlands (absolutism and conflict with Spain)

Empiricism, Religious Authority and Conflict (wild certainties versus science, to 1633)

Thirty Years' War (a failure to turn back the clock on religious tolerance)

The Dutch Golden Age (world leader in commerce, oligarchical, culturally liberal)

Europeans to the Atlantic Coast of North America (Puritan bigotry, Hutchinson, Williams, Quakers)

Civil War in England (absolutism, failure to make England virtuous, commercial rivalry and war)

England's "Glorious Revolution" (constitutional monarchy in, rule by divine right out)

From Descartes to Newton (including Spinoza and Locke — a move to modernity)

The 18th and 19th Centuries

Asian Productivity and Politics

China, Prosperous and Strong, to 1796 (stability, economic and popuation growth)

India and the World Economy (economic decline and collapse of the Muslim – Mughal – empire)

European Empire and War

The Great Northern War (Sweden loses, learns a lesson. Russia gains.)

Western Europe and North American, to the 1740s (includes Florida and Francisco Menendez)

Growth in Britain's American Colonies (plus the First Great Awakening)

The Age of Enlightenment (up with Voltaire, down with Rousseau)

War of Austrian-Succession, 1740-48 (power insecurities, opportunities and rivalries)

Seven Years' War (prelude to the American and French revolutions)


American Revolution: to 1776, Division and First Shots (Tea Party at Boston Harbor)

American Revolution: War, Independence and debating the Constitution (rebs vs loyalists)

American Revolution: Bill of Rights (plus letting Baptists preach in Virginia)

The French Revolution: Economic Origins (up with being able to buy bread)

The French Revolution: the First 112 Days (5 May to 26 August)

The French Revolution: Ferver and Foolishness to 1795 (goodbye constitutional monarchy, hello mayhem)

The War of 1812 and later (between Britain and the United States, fought in Canada and the US South)

Napoleon: Flawed Hero (failed grandeur and hero worship, vain, foolish and fraudulent, loses again in 1815)

Conservative Order, Industrialization and War

Anti-Enlightenment and Europe'e Conservative Order (authoritarians for God's order)

Europe to 1831: Conservatives Challenged (losing a war against change)

Bad Tactics and Failed Revolutions, 1848-49 (lessons for those interested in political change)

Industrialization, Class and Well-Being in Britain (the First Industrial Revolution, from around 1760 to 1850)

US North and South and Expansion to 1850 (to Texas, the Alamo and the Mexican-US War)

Maritime Trade and Imperialism, 1801-60 (Europeans in the Pacific, Africa and Asia)

The Taiping Rebellion (a Christian movement in China appeals to people suffering hardship)

Industrialization, the Crimean War and US Civil War (US Southerners too eager for secession and war)

Reconstruction and Civil Rights in the US South (a culture war follows the Civil War)

Nationalism and Unifications in Europe ("blood and iron" successes)

Russia's Romanovs and Rebellion (getting tough and tougher a losing formula)


Ideology: Smith, Bentham, Mill, Marx and some Utopians (individual versus group interests)

The Wild Ones: Anarchists, Romantics, and Nietzsche (different from Marx and the liberals.)

Science, Sociology, Geology, Evolution and Darwinism (more awareness and some backward sociology)

More Industrialization, Imperialism and War

Britain in India (the Raj) to 1900 (Kipling's "white man's burden")

Europe Divides Africa (Cairo to the Cape, Uganda, Kenya, Rhodesia, the German protectorates)

Range Wars, Gold, and American Indians (railroads, cowboys and more expansion)

An American "Gilded Age" (booms, busts, concentrations of wealth and rising real wages)

The Hawaiian People Annexed (manifest destiny versus Queen Liliuokalani)

Spanish-American War and the Philippines (more misjudgment)

Japan, Industrialization and Expansion (Japan allies with the British Empire)

China's Boxer Rebellion (against foreign intrusions and missionaries)

20th Century to 1993

The United States to 1908

Life in the US in 1901 (progress, hardship, morality)

Race Relations (mostly in the South, just 35 years after the Civil War)

The Roosevelt Presidency and US to November 1904 (progessivism and fair free-enterprise)

The US from 1905 to 1908: Roosevelt's Second Term (thunder and regulations)

The World to June 1914

Reforms in Britain, 1870-1914 (up from a wretched working poor as the natural order of things)

Overseas Empire at the Beginning of 20th Century (German, Belgian and French behavior – Africa and Indochina)

The Russian-Japanese War of 1904-05 (making Japan great and a move in European disarray)

Empire in Europe to 1908 (Emperor Franz Joseph enjoys respectability

Power Rivalry to 1912 (Germany's failed diplomacy)

Assassination and Miscalculation, to June 1914 (crucial decisions follow wild shots)

World War One (the Great Illusion)

Blame: the Great War's Origins (306 words)

Into War Leaping, to August 3, 1914 (Germans choose offensive over defensive warfare)

Failures without Reasonable Correction, to January 1915 (more war to justify previous losses)

The Stupefying Ground War, to December 1916 (more offensives)

War at Sea and the United States (Woodrow Wilson, misconception, fear and passion)

Revolution and more Failures, 1917 (hardship and consequences)

Ludendorff's 1918 Offensives and an Armistice (rewritten Dec 10, 2017)

Peace Treaty (more disaster)

Lenin and his Revolution

Lenin and Revolution, to June 1917 (Lenin the Marxist revolutionary helped by war foolishness)

The Bolsheviks take Power (July to December 1917)

Russians and Civil War in 1918 (Lenin says, "We are not imbiciles)

Bolsheviks against Anarchists: 1918 (the expropriators expropriated)

Russian Civil War: 1919 (periphery against the center)

H.G. Wells, Bertrand Russell, and Emma Goldman in Russia (1920)

Creation of the Soviet Union (1922)

Communist Party Quarrels (1924-27)

Stalin becomes the Great Builder (1925-30)

Darkness at Noon (1934-40)

Communists, Fascists and War in Europe

German Revolutionaries and the Rise of Fascism (copycat dreams of revolution, 1919)

Fascists to Power in Italy (fear of revolution and Mussolini becomes Prime Minister in 1922)

Mussolini's Dictatorship to 1929 (repression, the corporate state and adulation)

Hitler to Power in Germany (1919 to January 1933)

Hitler, from Chancellor to Führer (democracy ends, economic recovery begins, 1933-36)

Steps toward War: 1935-38 (Hitler, Mussolini, threats and the Munich Conference)

Kristallnacht (Night of the Broken Glass) (Germany's deplorables free to punish the Jews)

Hitler and War to October 1939 (conflict and BS to the invasion of Poland)

Hitler's Victory and Offer of Peace, 1940 (Why didn't Britain accept Hitler's offer?)

The Battle of Britain (June to November, 1940)

Hitler decides to Invade the Soviet Union (control fantasies, to December 1941)

The Killings (Nazi generalizations, subhumans, and attempted exterminations)

Hitler and Mussolini Lose It (from the Battle of Moscow to 1945 and death)

Allied Strategies and Denazification (Stalinist deportations and victor vengeance)

Judgment at Nuremberg (Are they to be found guilty, your honor?)

War in Asia and the Pacific

Japan, China and Origins of War, 1920-36 (Japan's view of national interest)

Japan, China and War, 1937 to 1940 (well-meaning and into the abyss)

Japan and War in 1941 (Japan seeks more oil, through war)

Japan and War to the end of 1943 (Admiral Yamamoto's realism versus fantasies)

War and the US homefront ("an involved nation, race and the internment of Japanese-Americans, rationing)

Japan and War to May 1945 (an inability of those losing the war to accept material realities)

Japan's Surrender and the Bomb (Did dropping the bomb save lives?)

The Allied Occupation of Japan (a strategy for transition to peace and Japan's democracy.)

Hope and Recovery

The United Nations (the victors hope for a new world of peace and cooperation)

The Cold War: 1945 to 1949 (Stalin, the Berlin Airlift, and a divided Germany)

Asian-Pacific Colonial Crumble, to 1950 (Indonesia, the British, and the French in Vietnam)

The Economy and Politics during the Truman Years ("Fair Deal," unions, growth and the national debt)

Cold War and Politics to 1960

War in Korea and Communist China (Elections to unify Korea denied. Communists win in China)

Britain and Democracy to 1954 (welfare and a Cold War alliance with the US)

Stalin down and Khrushchev up (Succession at the Kremlin)

Eisenhower and the Cold War, 1953-54 (anti-communism, Iran, the question of intervention in Vietnam)

Cold War and Opinion to 1960 (cultural exchanges, anti-communist hostilities and myth of a missile gap)

The Supreme Court, Segregation and Public Opinion (politics, democracy v constitutional rights)

Eisenhower and the US Economy (balanced budgets, progress, recession, Goldwater, approval)

Mao's Leaps and the Cultural Revolution (China struggles with social and economic development)

Cold War and Politics, 1960 to 1991

Kennedy, Cuba and the Missile Crisis (the Bay of Pigs invasion, Soviet "defensive" missiles to Cuba and squawking hawks)

Kennedy, the Economy and Civil Rights (stimulus spending, Southern violence and George Wallace)

Kennedy's Crises in Berlin and Vietnam (The Berlin Wall goes up. Kennedy abandons Ngo Dinh Diem)

Johnson, Goldwater and Civil Rights, 1964 (Johnson and the Democrats win in November)

Johnson's Great Society, the Economy and Vietnam (tumultuous years: 1965-68)

The Nixon Presidency and Vietnam (Nixon attempts to end a mistake with an appearance of honor)

China and Deng Xiaoping (successful reforms, and trouble in Tiananmen Square)

The Ford Presidency (August 1974 to January 1977, inflation and recovery)

The Carter Presidency (intentions, deregulations, crises, the economy and rival ideology)

Reaganomics (recession, recovery and debt during the Reagan presidency)

End of the USSR and the Berlin Wall

Brezhnev and Decline (poor performance by the Soviet economy and Communist leadership)

Gorbachev and Reagan (Party leaders attempt to improve the Soviet economy, and summits with Reagan)

Gorbachev under Pressure (more trouble with reform and the economy)

Communist Regimes Collapse in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and East Germany (the Wall falls)

The Soviet Union Dissolves (1990-91, when relations with the US were good.)

Yeltsin and Russia's transition to Capitalism (from economic crises, unpopularity and Putin as successor)

The Middle East and Islam

The Middle East's Forgotten Refugees (by Semha Alwaya, a link to

Iran and Saudi Arabia (power and religious rivalries before the Gulf Wars)

Gulf War One (Iraq, Kuwait, the US, Saudi Arabia, and Iran)

Politics and Economics to 2016


The Gingrich Revolution, also known as the Republican Revolution (hardball politics)

President Clinton

Bill Clinton, New Democrat, to 1994 (Clinton healthcare and the mid-term Republican victory)

The Clinton Presidency from 1995 to 1996 (investigations, nonsense, reforms, the 1996 presidential election)

Politics, 1997 to 2001 (scandal, impeachment, 2000 presidential election, the economy)

George W Bush

Bin Landen, September 11, and the Invasion of Afghanistan (jihadi strategies and US responses, 1988-2001)

Run up to Iraq, 2001 to 2003 (President George W Bush chooses invasion of Iraq as his best option)

War in Iraq, 2003-08 (the invasion, intrusions, Bush admits faulty intelligence, the surge, and much more)

Bush and the Economy, 2001-2008 (tax cuts and optimism to the Great Recession)

President Obama

Obama, Recession and Ideology, 2009 and 2010 (intensified rancor, compromise and missed opportunity for Democrats)

Obama and the Arab Spring, 2011 (supporting regime change)

Obama versus Romney and Jill Stein in 2012 (election results and Republicans against their "mushy middle")

Frustration in 2013 (gun and immigration reform, Obamacare, government shut-down, chemical weapons)

2014 and the Midterms (division, sophistry, voter interests and results)

The Obama Presidency, 2015-16 (opinion on accomplishments and failures)

CONTINUE READING: Timeline: 2015 to Yesterday

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